The amount of airborne pollutants in your household may well exceed that found outdoors. That’s because modern homes are designed to be airtight, and over time, pollutants from a variety of sources can build up, fouling the air, causing problems with odors, allergies and other respiratory illnesses.
To stay on top of this airborne pollution, you need to know what the particles are, and how to control them at the source. Following are some tips that should help.
What Pollutants Are in Your Home?
Indoor airborne pollution derives from a variety of sources, such as these:
- Mold spores, caused by an excess of moisture in the home
- Volatile organic compounds, shed by chemicals, textiles, carpet, pressed wood, dry cleaning
- Pet dander
- Dust mites
- Decaying insect parts
- Bacteria and viruses
Institute these measures to control airborne particulates at the source:
- Install exhaust ventilation in kitchens and bathrooms to get rid of excess moisture leading to mold. Fix leaks in plumbing and roofs/ceilings immediately. Moist, humid conditions also promote dust mites.
- Store chemicals in the garage or cabinets, with lids on tightly. Air out products with VOCs prior to bringing them in the home. Buy natural products whenever possible.
- Wash and brush pets outdoors.
- Brush off clothing and take off shoes before entering the home to minimize pollen and dust.
- Vacuum the home frequently. Wash linens once a week in hot water.
Using a good quality air filter in your HVAC system, rated 8-12 on the MERV (minimum efficiency reporting value) scale will also help control airborne particles. Air cleaning devices may also help. For instance, ultraviolet germicidal irradiation lights installed in the HVAC system may help control mold, mildew, fungus and bacteria. Electrostatic air cleaners, which capture particulates by means of an electric charge, are also helpful, particularly if they are installed in the HVAC system. Portable air cleaners are also available, but they must be moved from room to room.
For more on controlling pollutants in your home, contact Aggressive Mechanical Contractors. We’ve provided a high standard of HVAC service in Monmouth County for three generations.
Our goal is to help educate our customers in Monmouth County, New Jersey and surrounding areas about energy and home comfort issues (specific to HVAC systems).
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