When thinking about heating or cooling your home, furnaces or air conditioners are probably the first things that come to your mind. A heat pump is also a worthy investment and an energy-efficient alternative to air conditioners and furnaces. Let’s have a closer look at what a heat pump has to offer your home.
How Heat Pumps Operate
Heat pumps use electricity to extract heat from one place and move it to another. They have a compressor that pumps refrigerant between two coils and the evaporator and condenser. In the evaporator, the refrigerant absorbs heat from its surroundings and evaporates into a low-pressure, low-temperature vapor. The refrigerant is compressed as it travels to the condenser. In the condenser, it loses heat to the surroundings as it condenses into a high-pressure, high-temperature liquid.
The cycle is fully reversible, meaning that a heat pump can supply heat to your home in the winter and also cool it during the summer.
The two main types of heat pumps are air-source and geothermal heat pumps.
Air-source heat pumps draw heat from the outside air and move it indoors in the winter. In the summer, they reject heat into the outdoor air. The heat pump unit is installed outside where there is unrestricted airflow.
Geothermal heat pumps absorb heat from the ground and move it indoors in the winter. In the summer, they remove heat from the indoor air and move it to the ground. The unit is located inside the home.
Heat pumps simply move heat, making them more efficient than traditional electric heaters and furnaces. Converting to air-source heat pumps can reduce heating bills substantially. Geothermal heat pumps offer more savings because they operate at a higher efficiency than air-source heat pumps. The actual savings depend on several factors such as the efficiency of your old system and the size of the heat pump.
If you are planning renovations or upgrades to your heating and cooling system, you should consider installing a heat pump. For more information, contact Aggressive Mechanical Contractors. We proudly serve the Monmouth County area.
Our goal is to help educate our customers in Monmouth County, New Jersey and surrounding areas about energy and home comfort issues (specific to HVAC systems).
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